| This is the first book in the Doraemon series of 45 volumes. At first Doraemon was published under the name of Fujiko Fujio, co-written by two authors, but it was later published under name of one of them, Fujiko F. Fujio (1933 - 1996). Doraemon represents Japanese comics for young readers. It has been made into television and film animation, and is well known abroad, too. The combination of everyday life of children and science fiction is the unique characteristic of this work.|
Doraemon is a robot in the shape of a cat. He was born in 22th century and has come to Nobita, a pupil living in 20th century Tokyo. Nobita is a backward pupil, who makes many silly mistakes. Sewashi, his descendant, sent Doraemon to the 20th century to help Nobita. Nobita manages to spend everyday life with the help of Doraemon and his unique tools.
Many robots in Japanese comics are fighters, such as Astro Boy or Tetsujin 28 Gô [Iron Man No. 28]. However, Doraemon is quite peace loving, and more of a wizard than a robot. The story itself is rather a fantasy than science fiction. Nobita is an anti-hero, whose resemblance can be found in traditional comics, while Doraemon is a super hero who solves every problem instantly. The combination of these two types of heroes has attracted many boy readers.
Doraemon first appeared in magazines published by Shogakukan: Yoiko [Good Children] for pre-kindergarten children, Yôchien [Kindergarten], Shôgaku Ichinensei [First Graders], Shôgaku Ninensei [Second Graders], Shôgaku Sannensei [Third Graders], and Shôgaku Yonensei [Fourth Graders]. At first, it attracted little attention, but in 1979 it became television animation and gained great popularity. Later, animated movies were made and gathered a larger audience every year. After Fujiko's death in 1996, Fujiko Production members publish every year's animation movie in the style of a comic. As for books, Fujiko Fujio Rando [the Land of Fujiko Fujio] by Chûô Kôron Sha also contains Doraemon. With the Doraemon series, Fujiko received the Japan Cartoonists Association Award in 1978.